Nuclear Weapons Convention
A Nuclear Weapons Convention is an ideai whose time has come. Although such a Convention does not yet exist in international law, there have been repeated calls for a treaty which can abolish nuclear weapons from governments and non-government organisations around the world. A model Nuclear Weapons Convention was developed in 1997 and has been accepted as an official document in the United Nations since that time. IPPNWi had a large role to play in the development of the model Convention.
A Nuclear Weapons Convention would provide for the elimination of nuclear weapons in much the same way comparable treaties have banned landmines and chemical and biological weapons, prohibiting the development, production, testing, deployment, stockpiling, transfer, threat, or use of nuclear weapons.
In 2007, IPPNWi and other partner organisations launched a revised edition of the model Nuclear Weapons Convention in a publication titled "Securing Our Survival: the Case for a Nuclear Weapons Convention." This updated document reflects the changed security environment internationally, and answers critical questions relating to the process of nuclear disarmament. The updated version of the model Nuclear Weapons Convention contained in this document was again accepted as an offical document of the United Nations in 2007.
Importantly, a Nuclear Weapons Convention would work to strengthen the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) further, by laying out a systematic program to achieve the goal of the NPTis Article VI for nuclear weapons states to disarm their nuclear weapons. Working in conjunction with this existing Treaty obligation, a Nuclear Weapons Convention would advance negotiations to rid the world of nuclear weapons. It is an aspiration of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons to advocate for a Nuclear Weapons Convention to be brought into force to strengthen the existing commitment of the NPTi to disarm nuclear weapons.